A sewer/septic system is needed to remove waste water from your home. If you live in a town it will be a municipal sewage system or, if you live in a rural area, you may be connected to your own septic tank and leach field.
Municipal Sewer Systems
- Locate your sewer/septic system main drain and clean outs.
- Sewer laterals for municipal systems should have their clean out caps removed and left loose. Place an access box with cover over the open clean out.
- The clean out lines should be flushed with running water and a hose at least once a year.
- Locate your leach field switch valves and how to use them.
- Do not connect a sump pump, roof gutters or drain backwash of a water softener into the septic system.
- Do not place Non-Biodegradable items of any kind into the septic system. Water and toilet paper ONLY.
- Learn how to use a food waste disposer properly and instruct others to do likewise.
- Do not cover the leach field area with air or water impermeable surfaces.
- Do not allow vehicles or equipment to drive or park over the leach field.
- Watch for leaking faucets or toilets (Note: A leak can overload a leach field within 48 hours!).
- 1x per year: Rotate the active leach field at least every year. Sewer laterals for septic systems should have their clean out caps removed, and the lines flushed at least once a year. Common septic system problems to avoid.
- Every 5 years: Septic tank systems should be pumped out once every five years to remove the solids that do not break down, and to allow inspections to ensure the internal parts are working properly.